Race Across America
February 22, 2014 at 3:29 am #533385
The Race Across America (RAAM) is a grueling annual bicycle marathon from California to the East Coast. The race was founded in 1982 to bring greater recognition to ultramarathon cycling, a sport that pushes human limits. Nike HyperVenom Phantom AG Naranja Negro 140107-015. During the race, the participants cycle almost continuously, taking only very short rest breaks. In addition to extreme physical challenges, participants must contend with monotony, frustration, and other psychological barriers. In some instances, riders experience hallucinations during the race.
John Marino, the event’s founder, broke the transcontinental bicycling record in 1978 by riding from Santa Monica, California, to New York City in 13 days, 1 hour, and 20 minutes. He later decided to organize a transcontinental race and recruited three other top ultramarathon cyclists to help: John Howard,who had won six national cycling championships; Lon Haldeman, Nike Air Max 90 Mujeres Prima Cinta Camo Gamma Verde W599249-302, who in 1981 broke Marino’s transcontinental record; and Michael Shermer,who in 1981 established a north-south cycling record. Shermer, Haldeman, and Marino formed a business, Ultra-Marathon Cycling Inc., to organize an annual event with the new name “Race Across America.”
The routes and specific distances of the RAAM change yearly, but they always average around 4,800 kilometers (3,000 miles) and have so far always started in California. Routes have ended in Atlantic City, New Jersey; Savannah, Georgia; and other East Coast cities. The average speed of the participants is an important measurement because of the variations in routes. The typical field for the actual RAAM ranges from 20 to 40 racers, not all of whom finish. Nike Air Max Lunar90 Mujeres Negro Rojo W631762-015. The inaugural year for the women’s division,1984, was marked by a dramatic finish-line sprint between Shelby Hayden-Clifton and Pat Hines, who tied at 12 days, 20 hours, and 57 minutes. In 1989 the race was opened to teams,with four-person relay and tandem divisions added. This aspect was expanded in 1992 with a new race called Team RAAM. Four-person team races tend to be faster and have more competitive sprints because each racer cycles for shorter distances and can rest while his or her teammates take over the lead.March 4, 2014 at 8:42 am #533475
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