The Beginning of Modern Boxing

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    Boxing almost disappeared as a sport until the late 1600′s, when it reappeared in England. However, it remained a cruel sport, and many fighters were crippled, blinded, or even killed while fighting. In the early 1700′s, James Figg, one of England’s most famous athletes, introduced modern boxing. In Figg’s day, air jordan 12 for sale, boxing involved much wrestling. Figg became successful by punching instead of wrestling. In 1719, he opened a boxing school in London and began to teach his style of bareknuckle (gloveless) fighting.

    Figg’s boxing rules were still brutal, however. For example, one rule required that boxers continue to fight without rest periods until one man could not go on. In1743, Jack Broughton, a well-known British boxer, introduced new rules. Under Broughton’s rules, a fight ended when one man was knocked down and could not get up within 30 seconds. However, bouts were still continuous. Broughton’s rules, with some additions, became standard for all bouts. Nike Dunk High Mens SP Black 607543-090. They were known as the London Prize Ring Rules, and they helped make boxing less savage. From bare knuckles to gloves. In the mid-1860′s, the Marquess of Queensberry, a British sportsman, sponsored a new boxing code of 12 rules. In 1872, the Queensberry Rules were first used in a professional tournament in London. They have been used throughout the world ever since with only slight changes. The rules require boxers to wear gloves. They also call for three-minute rounds with a one-minute rest period between rounds. The rules further state that a man down on one knee may not be struck and that a fallen man must be given 10 seconds to get back on his feet.

    During the 1850′s and 1860′s, British boxers http://www.adelvon.com/ visited the United States, where they tried to create greater interest in boxing. But many Americans opposed the sport. It was also illegal in many areas. The matches themselves drew only small crowds that watched boxers battle with bare knuckles. In 1882, John L. Sullivan, an American, claimed the world bare-knuckle championship. But he realized that there was no future in bare-knuckle fighting and that the police allowed matches held under the Queensberry Rules. Sullivan therefore joined a traveling theatrical group and staged gloved boxing matches throughout the country. Huge crowds turned out to watch these exhibitions.

    During the 1880′s, Sullivan occasionally took time off from theatrical appearances to defend his bareknuckle championship. He defended the title the last time in 1889, when he defeated Jake Kilrain in the 75th round. The fight was the last world heavyweight bare-knuckle championship ever fought. In 1892, Sullivan fought James J. Corbett to decide the heavyweight championship under the Queensberry Rules. Corbett knocked out Sullivan in the 21st round.

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